Every year in India, November 17 is marked as National Epilepsy Day which aims to bring awareness about epilepsy. Epilepsy is a chronic condition of the brain characterized by recurrent seizures/fits. These are due to sudden or uncontrolled electrical discharges in the brain cells (neurons). This condition can affect people of all ages and exhibits different symptoms to individuals who are affected.
According to WHO, 50 million people are affected with epilepsy across the world, out of which 80 percent of people are from developing countries. However, epilepsy is treatable but most people do not receive the required treatment. In India, about 10 million people have seizures associated with epilepsy.
Find the Symptoms of Epilepsy
1.Being in a state of unconsciousness
3.Muscle twitching (sudden twitching or jerks on hands and legs)
4. Muscles become rigid in the areas of arms, legs, and face
Reasons for Epilepsy
1.Brain damage due to prenatal and perinatal injury
3.Infections of brain
5.Injury to head or accident
6.Continuous fever during childhood
1. Do not be afraid of seizures.
2. Remove any sharp or harmful objects from around the person with seizures.
3. Loosen the affected person’s clothes (if tight neckwear, remove it).
4. Roll the person gently so that if any fluid from the mouth can easily come out.
5. Keep a smooth pillow under the head of an affected person.
6. Do not induce anything into the mouth of the affected person due to the fear of swallowing tongue.
7. Assist the person until medical help arrives.
8. Allow the affected person to rest or sleep
If you are affected, follow:
1. Do not consume alcohol, as it may induce seizures
2. Take the medication as recommended by your doctor, do not discontinue the prescribed length of course.
3. Do not start any new medication without your doctor’s opinion.
Due to the criticism from society, people or families effected with epilepsy are living in shadows. Therefore, this creates a bigger problem in treating epilepsy. Other factors such as lack of funding and financial support, a lot of discrimination from the society, discouraging the new therapy of research or innovation in the field of epilepsy. Hence, National Epilepsy is celebrated to raise awareness and also to educate common people about the facts of epilepsy and its treatment.