Folic acid, folate or folacin is a water soluble vitamin also known as Vitamin B9. It is essential for DNA synthesis and protein metabolism. Since human body does not produce or store folic acid, it needs to be acquired through our diet or by taking folate supplements. Good sources of folic acid are green leafy vegetables, dried beans, peas, lentils, oranges, asparagus, lettuce, whole-wheat products, liver, beets, broccoli and brussels sprouts.
Folic acid helps in the development of the foetus. It also ensures that there is the fast growth of the placenta. Deficiency of folic acid during pregnancy causes birth defects like neural tube and brain defects. Women in the pregnancy period are advised to consume 800mcg of folic acid daily.
Promotes Hair Growth:
Folic acid is required for healthy hair. It renews the cells that aid the growth of hair. It has been shown to boost healthy cell generation and therefore, is a stimulator of natural hair growth in both men and women.
Folic acid is an important nutrient required for cell division and production of new cells, especially for the generation of rapidly produced red blood cells. Folate deficiency causes a reduction of RBCs and hemoglobin in the blood, a condition called Anaemia. This can result in the decrease in oxygen carrying capacity of blood and ultimately heart failure.
Promotes Mental Health:
It can help improve memory and mental agility. This vitamin is important for the functions of the brain. In fact, a low level of folate may be related to depression.
Prevents Cardiovascular Disease:
Folic acid promotes heart health by reducing the level of homocysteine, a type of amino acid. Elevated levels of this amino acid can significantly increase the risk of atherosclerotic heart disease and stroke by promoting the formation of blood clots inside the blood vessels.
Male Fertility :
Taking adequate folic acid can reduce abnormal sperm in men. Abnormal sperm have difficulty reaching and fertilizing an egg, making conceiving difficult.
Alzheimers is a neuro degenerative disorder of brain cells that causes memory loss. Folic acid has some role in the prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease and other brain-related disorders.
Reduces the Risk of Cancer:
A diet rich in folic acid has been observed to lower the risk of some types of cancer. It is observed that a deficiency of folate can increase the risk of breast cancer in women who drink alcohol.