Achieving Good Health: The Basics

Many people hope to live a long and healthy life. But, both are a result of many genetic and environmental influences. Knowing a few basics helps to get a long way toward achieving the good health and well-being as an individual. The simple advice is to eat moderately, choose healthy foods, and exercise. Avoid the things that adversely affect health. By following these steps, one can achieve a long and healthy life. Here we elaborate on some of the tenets of this basic mantra.

Pros and Cons for Good Health:


Diet and nutrition play a crucial role in health and disease. They influence the way we perform emotionally, physically, and cognitively. An unhealthy diet and imbalanced nutrition lead to many illnesses and health problems. Some are weight loss and gain, hypertension, type II diabetes, cancers, tooth decay, etc.
Steps to good diet and nutrition are more simple than they are made out to be. Eat moderate portions, and choose foods from different groups. Avoid foods that are high in sugar and fat content. Learn about the different food groups here: eat your way to health. Besides, be hydrated and avoid sugary drinks and juices with added sugar.
Lack of physical activity is the primary risk factor for ill-health. Physical inactivity significantly elevates the risk of several cardiovascular diseases. It also causes hypertension, type II diabetes, and osteoporosis among others. The adverse effects of insufficient physical activity are long-time smoking.
Several scientific studies have proved the benefits of living a physically active life. Daily exercise helps our body to become physically healthy. The exercises chosen do not have to be strenuous or need a major time commitment. Doing simple exercises like jogging, brisk walking, swimming, and yoga promote stress-free living.


Smoking claims a million lives every year in India. Of all the risk factors for ill health, tobacco smoking is the most dangerous. The well-known effects of the smoking show on the lungs and heart. Some other risks include
  • Stroke
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Blood clots
  • Prematurely aging skin
  • Brittle bones
  • Cancer of the lips, tongue, throat, and stomach
Quit smoking today and avoid exposure to passive smoke wherever possible. Two key factors in quitting are: being ready for the change and the belief that this habit can be given up. Make a list of your reasons for quitting and keep it handy as a constant reminder. Setting up a quit date, planning to deal with any temptations to smoke. Seeking the support of family and friends. Keeping an eye on the amount of money you are saving by not smoking is the best means that help in giving up smoking.
Consumption of alcohol is a primary risk factor for morbidity and mortality in India. It slows down functioning and interferes with digestion, leading to many malnutrition-related issues. Adverse effects are
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Oral and liver cancer
  • Stroke
  • Hypertension
  • Road accidents
  • Memory lapse.
Quitting alcohol is hard, but it is wise to avoid alcohol from the beginning. It is possible to quit the habit who is already into excessive alcohol consumption. Embrace the goodness that life offers, and assure yourself you’re giving up an enemy. Avoid situations that may lead to drinking alcohol. Seek medical help to give up alcoholism.

Written by MedPlus