Achieving Good Health: The Basics

Many people hope to live a long and healthy life. But, both are the results of genetic and environmental influences. Knowing a few basics helps you to get a long way toward achieving good health as an individual. The simple advice is to eat moderately, choose healthy foods, and exercise. Avoid the things that adversely affect health. By following these steps, one can achieve a long and healthy life. Here we elaborate on some of the tenets of this basic mantra.

Pros and Cons for Good Health:


Diet and nutrition play a crucial role in both health and disease. They are the main pillars of how we perform emotionally, physically, and cognitively. An unhealthy diet and imbalanced nutrition lead to many health problems. Some are weight loss, weight gain, hypertension, type II diabetes, cancers, tooth decay, etc.
Besides, the steps for a good diet and nutrition are more simple than they are made out to be. Eat moderate portions and choose foods from different groups. Mainly, avoid foods that are high in sugar and fat. Learn about the different food groups here: eat your way to health. Besides, be hydrated and avoid sugary drinks and also juices with added sugar.
Lack of physical activity is the primary risk factor for illness. In spite, physical inactivity significantly elevates the risk of several cardiovascular diseases. It also causes hypertension, type II diabetes, and osteoporosis. The adverse effects of insufficient physical activity are long-time smoking.
Several scientific studies have proved what are the benefits of living a physically active life. Daily exercise helps our body to become physically healthy. The exercises do not have to be strenuous or need a major time commitment. Doing simple exercises like jogging, brisk walking, swimming, and yoga promote stress-free living and improve your mental health.


Smoking claims a million lives every year in India. Of all the risk factors for ill health, smoking tobacco is the most dangerous habit. Smoking mainly spoils our The well-known effects of smoking show on the lungs and heart. Some other risks include
  • Stroke
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Blood clots
  • Prematurely aging skin
  • Brittle bones
  • Cancer of the lips, tongue, throat, and stomach
Quit smoking today and avoid exposure to passive smoke wherever possible. Two key factors in quitting are: being ready for the change and the belief that this habit can be given up. Make a list of your reasons for quitting and keep it handy as a constant reminder. Setting up a quit date, planning to deal with any temptations to smoke. Seeking the support of family and friends. Keeping an eye on the amount of money you are saving by not smoking is the best means that help in giving up smoking.
Consumption of alcohol is a primary risk factor for morbidity and mortality in India. It slows down functioning and interferes with digestion, leading to many malnutrition-related issues. Adverse effects are
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Oral and liver cancer
  • Stroke
  • Hypertension
  • Road accidents
  • Memory lapse.
Quitting alcohol is hard, but it is wise to avoid alcohol from the beginning. It is possible to quit the habit who is already into excessive alcohol consumption. Embrace the goodness that life offers, and assure yourself you’re giving up an enemy. Avoid situations that may lead to drinking alcohol. Seek medical help to give up alcoholism.

Written by MedPlus